Take It From the Nonprofits: Even in a Crisis, Funders Are Falling Short on Equity
By: Satonya Fair, President & CEO, PEAK Grantmaking. This piece was originally published by the Center for Effective Philanthropy on July 20, 2021.
CEP’s latest research report, Persevering Through Crisis: The State of Nonprofits, provides further evidence of the devastating impact of 2020 on nonprofits — and how the crises of the past year hit some nonprofits much harder than others. While many nonprofits reported that their foundation funders were flexible, responsive, and communicative, this was not the experience for a great number of nonprofits that are led by women, that serve certain marginalized communities, and organizations for which both are true.
Consider these findings:
- Compared to organizations led by men, woman-led nonprofits (68 percent of survey respondents) were less likely to hear from their foundation funders about future funding or allowing the goals of their existing grants to shift.
- Among nonprofits who primarily serve Asian, Pacific Islander, Middle Eastern, or Native American communities, most reported that no foundations provided new funding in 2020.
- Moreover, compared to organizations that do not serve those four communities, these nonprofits report that fewer foundations lifted up the individual voices of their organization – or the people and communities they serve – to inform public discourse.
As a woman leading an organization in a field where the majority of organizations are also led by women, it feels devastating and defeating to read those findings. Why isn’t philanthropy showing up fully and equitably to meet the profound needs of nonprofits – needs which have never been more acute?
For PEAK, a nonprofit and philanthropy-supporting organization centered on equity, we found the challenges of racial unrest, pandemic politicization, and a never-more-contentious election season as overwhelming as the pandemic’s health and economic impacts. Amidst all this, our membership community of 6,000 grants professionals needed solutions – true support for the work of swiftly and equitably delivering responsive, flexible resources to nonprofits facing urgent demands.
And so, at a time when 58 percent of our nonprofit peers reported reducing programs or services, we put our foot on the gas.
Across 2020, we hosted a series of virtual community conversations, created spaces for peer convening and sharing, fielded a virtual conference, and expedited the rollout of resources to help Drive Equity, the third of our Principles for Peak Grantmaking. Most recently, we launched peer groups: affinity groups based around identity, serving those who are most often marginalized within their institutions. This project includes building communities of practice around shared commitments to drive and implement field-wide change.
Through our nonprofit lens, PEAK’s experience as a grantee and grantseeker this year fit in line with many CEP survey respondents; the time and effort to apply for grants did not seem vastly different in crisis times. However, with 53 percent of grantseekers reporting no capacity-building support, 66 percent reporting no multi-year support, and 81 percent reporting no unrestricted multi-year support, it might be valid to conclude that – while nonprofits are pressed to be more dynamic and innovative in how we work – too many funders are a bit stuck in their ways, unable to “fund outside the box.”
Program and grant staff have so many things they could be digging into, but are held back by their position descriptions – dominated by activities that any reviewer could see are transactional, check-the-box tasks instead of the relationship-building, partnership-driven work that could truly connect them with their nonprofit partners. The result, even in a crisis, is that few funders could make it from point A to point B – to hear what nonprofits need and take action to help – without making multiple stops for the requisite presentation-and-approval routine.
PEAK is dedicated to supporting continuous improvements in grantmaking practice and hopeful for a future in which philanthropy is “generative and not extractive,” an ideal set by Justice Funders in their PEAK2021 keynote address. To that end, it was befuddling to find that some funders seem to have added even more steps for grantseekers, become even less flexible while leaning further into their inequitable practices during these urgent times.
This has led us to make several observations:
- Mission-aligned organizations can and should be funded via the most streamlined processes possible, especially given the crises at hand. Indeed, for nonprofits that have been previously funded, there is nothing preventing funders from eliminating any process other than GuideStar verification, confirmation of ACH banking information, and acknowledgement of receipt.
- Funders should view their grants and processes through a spectrum of data points – at minimum, they should be tying the size of a grant to a nonprofit’s overall budget. If an organization is working with a budget of $500,000 and facing a crisis-inspired increase in demand, what do you expect a “responsive” grant of $5,000 – or even $15,000 – to accomplish?
- Candid dialogue and open feedback must become a priority for grantmakers. Nearly half of respondents (48 percent) reported that grant funding levels either remained the same or decreased between 2019 and 2020, implying a concerning disconnect between funder and funded. Without creating an open communication channel for candid discussion, funders can’t really know the nonprofits they fund, leading them to make decisions counterproductive to their partners’ efforts.
- Funders must do the work to look harder at the demographic data in their grantmaking portfolios. Nonprofits are reporting disparities in support and flexibility during a crisis, and every funder has the data to both confirm these gaps and track progress toward fixing them. By indexing nonprofit grantees according to the demographics of their leaders, they can then compare details like communication activities recorded, grant size, and reporting requirements. This can reveal whether, for instance, a funder is providing more general operating support or larger amounts of funding to nonprofits with white leaders.
The pandemic revealed that only a small percentage of funders had developed the agility that nonprofits need in a crisis – and that what matters is not just what we do, but the “how” behind it. Because funders have not invested in their respective infrastructures, they have fallen short in response to the most historic moments of need.
We can and should do better. By narrowing power gaps, increasing dialogue and candor, and fostering deeper understanding between funder and nonprofit, we will be prepared when the next crisis happens. Because there will be another – and sooner, no doubt, than we would like to think.